Assessment of Emergency Planning Based on Analysis of Empirical Data
Lars Rejnus,Johan Jenvald,Magnus Morin
In this paper we show how rescue exercises provide valuable information for supporting plan assessment. The key element of this approach is to combine extensive data collection with advanced compilation and replay tools to present a coherent objective view of the course of events of an exercise. By replaying the events afterwards, domain experts are able to identify relevant and measurable assessment parameters. In the paper we discuss assessment parameters such as the size of alerting areas, various delays that occur and the use of available resources. Examples of resources are transport capacity, first aid capacity and decontamination capacity. We demonstrate the different steps in our approach by describing the preparation, execution and analysis of a rescue exercise in Sweden in October 1997. During this exercise we followed 180 rescue personnel and 50 extras through the different phases of rescue and medical attendance after a simulated wartime chemical attack. We recorded more than 10,000 events and intercepted more than 800 radio transmissions. The data compiled were available for analysis 90 minutes after the end of the exercise.