Monitoring and Visualization Support for Management of Medical Resources in Mass-Casualty Incidents


Mirko Thorstensson,Magnus Morin,Johan Jenvald


Improving command and control of rescue operations requires methods to elucidate the dynamic interaction between different teams in a rescue force in a stressful situation. To this end, we present a method to monitor and visualise the utilisation of medical resources in mass-casualty incidents. The flow of casualties is monitored at specific checkpoints where each individual is assigned a time stamp. This process generates a timeline for each casualty which shows, in great detail, how he or she was transferred through the chain of medical attendance. These timelines can be combined to model the flow of casualties from the location of the incident, through various aid stations and assembly areas, to hospitals. The resulting flow model can be visualised using a software tool. We have applied the method to training exercises where we used it both to support debriefing after the exercise and to facilitate subsequent, in-depth analysis. We conclude by exploring ways to use time-stamped checkpoints as a means of supporting the management of medical resources in real emergency operations.