Developing Digital Courseware from Multimedia Documentation of Full-Scale Chemical Exercises
Johan Jenvald,Magnus Morin,Lars Rejnus
The importance of efficient training methods is becoming increasingly clear in most organisations that are responsible for maintaining and developing civilian and military units for rescue operations in case of chemical incidents. To be able to learn from the conducted exercises it is vitally important to be able to give the trainees constructive feedback immediately after the exercise based on what really happened on the exercise field. This is however difficult because during large rescue operations the units work in parallel and geographically distributed. In addition, the rescue resources are limited and the personnel often work under time pressure and in hazardous environments. These problems call for a systematic approach to be able to record, delineate, establish and visualise the complex unfolding of a rescue operation in the important effort to support debriefing, after-action review, post-mission analysis and the development of effective courseware. To further utilise the training investments from full-scale exercises we describe an approach where we use the recorded dynamic training information together with traditional textbook information in the creation of a multimedia courseware. The courseware supports both individual linear learning and conceptual problem-based training. The possibility to distribute the courseware over the Internet, local Intranet and on CD-ROM makes it possible for individuals throughout the rescue community to take advantage of the lessons learned from different full-scale exercises even if they didn't had the opportunity to participate in the specific exercise themselves. The flexible use and distribution of the digital courseware increase the possibility to provide stimulating education through a multimedia documentation of complex scenarios.